Mission Archives - STS- 47. Mission: Spacelab- J Space Shuttle: Endeavour Launch Pad: 39B Launch Weight: 258, 679 pounds
Orbiter space shuttle fleet download. First called STA- 099, Challenger was built to serve as a test vehicle for the Space Shuttle program. The orbiter could also recover satellites other payloads from orbit return them to Earth.
But despite its Earth- bound beginnings, STA- 099 was destined for space. The uppermost of these was the flight deck pilot, in which sat the Space Shuttle' s commander with up to two mission specialists seated behind them. In the late 1970s NASA strived for a lighter weight orbiter but a test vehicle was needed to ensure the lighter airframe.
The orbiter crew cabin consisted of three levels: the flight deck the mid- deck the utility area. The Space Shuttle was the first operational orbital spacecraft designed for carried different payloads to low Earth orbit provided crew rotation , supplies for the International Space Station ( ISS), performed satellite servicing repair.